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Civil Services in India

Civil services are the most preferred career every person chooses in India. The civil service is the permanent structure responsible for the administration in India. Hence, this service operates under the direction and control of the “elected representatives” of the people and in accordance with rules and principles.

In India, the civil service system is an executive branch of the Republic of India and functions as the backbone of the country’s administrative system. Therefore, the main function of the public service is to implement policies and provide services

Every year around 10 lakh people appear for the UPSC civil services exams in India of which only about 5 lakhs people appear for the prelims exam. The dropout is therefore about 50% before even taking the exam. Among these 5 lakh candidates, only 10 to 15,000 qualify for the network. Only around 2,500 or fewer candidates qualify for the sector based on vacancies. After that, based on the network brands and combined interviews, only about 1,000 selections take place each year. From this, around 180 SAI agents are selected, again based on vacancies. The rest are assigned to other civilian services according to their rank and choice.

Types of public service jobs 2019

There are three types or categories of jobs through the Civil Service Exam (CSE) in India.

Under these 3 main categories are a range of services that are prestigious and sought after.

The public service ranking list contains the results of examinations, but sometimes due to preferences, some senior officials may choose services that are not at the top of the list, such as IAS or IPS.

All Indian civil services Group A or central services In India

Group B or State services All Public Service Jobs in India Indian Administrative Service or IAS Indian Foreign Service or IFS Indian Police Service or IPS

 List of group A services by UPSC

P&T Indian Accounts and Finance Service

Indian Audit and Accounting Service

Postal Service Indian

Indian Revenue Service (customs and central excise)

Defense Accounts Service Indian

Indian Revenue Service (I.T.) or IRS

Civil Accounts Service

Indian Ordnance Factories Service (Assistant Works Manager, Administration)

Indian Railway Traffic Service

Railway Accounts Service Indian

Indian Railway Personnel Service

Defense Estates Service Indian

Indian Railway Protection Force (Assistant Safety Commissioner)

Indian Trade Service, Group ‘A’ (Gr. III)

 List of group services – B, C, and D

Public service of the armed forces headquarters (grade of section officer)

Delhi, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, Daman & Diu, and Dadra & Nagar Haveli government officials Delhi,

Pondicherry Civil Service

Pondicherry Police Service

Indian Forest Service – A combined preliminary examination is organized for Indian Forest Service and Indian Civil Services.

So, here you can read more Other UPSC service exams organized for various jobs and positions

The UPSC also organizes various examinations for other services, some of which are

Engineering Services

Review Geologists review

Special Class Railway Apprenticeship Exam

National Defense and Naval Academy Defense Review

Combined  medical services review

Indian Economic / Statistical Service

S.O./Stenographer Limited Ministerial Competitive Review

The central police force (assistant commanders).

Working for a state government.

In addition, to working for the central government, you can also work for a particular state government.

Unlike a job in central government where you can be posted anywhere in the country, you will be working in one state for the rest of your life. The majority of candidates keep state government jobs as a backup in case they fail the UPSC / SSC exams because state exams are comparatively less competitive.

Most state government jobs are intermediate and lower-level positions, as the highest positions are filled by SAI / IPS agents hired by the central government.

However, with experience and merit, you can climb the ranks and even fill the most administrative positions, including positions reserved for IAS and IPS.

Every state governments have their own “civil service committee” which are responsible for recruiting into various positions in Groups A, B, C and D through direct recruitment method and competitive examinations such as tests writings, skill tests, and interviews. These positions in government can be both technical and non-technical.

The most popular competition organized by state civil service commissions in India is the annual state civil service exam, which is responsible for recruiting state civil servants.

Therefore, Examples of these reviews are the Punjab Civil Service Review, the Gujarat Civil Service Review, etc.

Contrary to popular perception, it is not necessary to be a resident of a state to apply for a job in the government of that state (in most cases).

However, you will need to have basic knowledge about the culture, language, and customs of this state.

Working for a public sector company(PSU)

Since public sector companies like Indian Oil, Bharat Petroleum, CGSB, etc. Wholly or largely owned by the government, working for such an organization can also be considered working for the government. These jobs include technical positions such as engineer, accountant, etc. The majority of jobs in PSUs are executive in nature and you must follow established standards and procedures. They normally do this through job vacancy competitions but also follow direct recruitment methods such as interviews and skills tests.

Some PSUs also recruit candidates based on their scores on the GATE exam.

In addition, the PSUs also fill a significant part of their vacancies by recruiting candidates directly in the main institutions of the country such as the IITs and the IIMs.

Working in a PSU offers employees stable and secure employment as well as opportunities to succeed and climb the ladder.

You will be eligible to receive any monetary benefits like other government employees and will also be eligible to hold senior positions in the PSU over time, provided you.


There are some eligibility criteria for the examination for civil services exams in India is as follows:


For Indian administrative services and Indian police services, the candidate must be an Indian citizen.

For alternative services, the candidate should be in all the following:

  1. All the Tibetan refugees who have permanently settled in India before January 1, 1962.
  2. A citizen of Nepal or a subject from Bhutan
  3. People from Indian origin who emigrated from Myanmar, Pakistan, Kenya,  Sri Lanka, Uganda, Zambia, Tanzania, Vietnam Malawi, Zaire, or Ethiopia with one intention to settle permanently in India.

2. Educational Qualification For Civil Services Exams in India

All applicants must have at least one of the following academic qualifications:

  • A diploma from a central, state or reputable university
  • Diploma obtained by correspondence or distance learning
  • A diploma from an open university
  • A qualification recognized by the government of India as being equivalent to one of the previous

The following candidates are also eligible but they have to present proof of their eligibility to an appropriate authority of their university at the time of the main examination, with a fear that they’ll not be allowed to take part in the examination.

  1. Applicants who have taken an exam which would pass them on an educational level to meet one of the above points
  2. A diploma from a private university.
  3. Applicants who have passed the final MBBS exam but have not yet completed an internship.
  4. Applicants who have passed the final ICAI, ICSI, and ICWAI exam.
  5. A diploma from any foreign university recognized by the Association of Indian Universities.

3. Age criteria For Civil Services in India

The candidate must have reached the age of 21 and must not have reached the age of 32 (for the candidate of the general category) on August 1 of the year of the examination. The prescribed age limits vary with regard to caste reserves.

For listed castes (SC) and listed tribes (ST), the limit is 37 years.

The other retrograde castes (OBC), the upper age limit is 35 years.

For disabled defense personnel during operations during hostilities, the limit is 40 years.

Candidates belonging to former military personnel, including commissioned officers and ECO / SSCO who have rendered military service for at least five years on August 1 of the year and who have been released at the end of the mission.

For PwD applicants, the limit is 37 years.

ECOs / SSCOs who have completed an initial assignment of five years of military service, the limit is 32 years.

For the Domiciles of Jammu and Kashmir from January 1, 1980, to December 31, 1989, the limit is 32 years.


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